Tree Planting

Establishing trees in areas adapted to woodlands.                             ""

How it works

A variety of desired tree species, either seedlings or seeds, are planted mechanically or by hand in understocked woodlands or open fields. Tree species are matched with soil types and selected to prevent soil erosion, increase income, or boost productivity of existing woodland.

How it helps

Improving stands of woodlands can increase profits.
Ground cover created by trees and associated debris protects soil from rill and sheet erosion.
Ground cover also protects water quality by filtering excess nutrients and chemicals from surface runoff and increasing infiltration rates.
Healthy, well-managed woodlands provide long-term wildlife habitat.

Planning ahead

Is the soil suitable for producing wood crops?
Is the soil suitable for the tree species you have selected?
Is there a market for the species you want to plant?
Do you need this land for crops or livestock?

Tech notes

Remove brush and till the strips of pasture or sod where trees will be planted the fall before planting.
Complete spring planting by May 15. Fall planting should begin between September 1-15. *
Standard forest planting spacings are 6'x6', at a rate of 1,210 trees per acre; 6'x7', 1,037 trees per acre; 6'x8', 908 trees per acre.
Tree seedlings should be planted within seven days of their arrival.
Keep roots moist during planting.
Place the root crown at ground surface or one inch below.
Remove all air pockets when planting seedlings.
The hole prepared for the seedling should have enough room for the roots to spread completely out.


Mow vegetative growth around trees until the trees are 3 to 4 feet high. *
Use herbicides to control competing vegetation.
Check periodically for rodent, disease or insect damage.
Replant, if necessary, to achieve a desired stand.

* Check local recommendations.